Students will acquire knowledge about basic concepts of organic chemistry, chemistry of hydrocarbons and functional groups and the mechanism of organic reactions. Such information will be useful for qualitative analysis and synthesis of organic compounds.
Basic Concepts of Organic Chemistry:
Bonding and hybridization, localized and delocalized bonding, structure- aromaticity, inductive effect, dipole moment, resonance and its rules, hyperconjugation, classification and nomenclature of organic compounds including IUPAC system, types of organic reactions (an overview).
Chemistry of Hydrocarbons:
Saturated, unsaturated and aromatic hydrocarbons with emphasis on synthesis and free radical, electrophilic addition and electrophilic substitution reactions.
Chemistry of Functional Groups:
Hydroxyl, ether and amino groups, preparation and properties of alcohols, phenols, ethers, and amines with focus on reaction mechanism and applications, carbonyl compounds, preparations and reaction mechanism of aldehydes and ketones and their applications, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, acidity of carboxylic acids and effect of substituents on their acidity, preparation and reactions of carboxylic acids and their derivatives including esters, amides, acid halides and acid anhydrides.
Qualitative analysis of compounds with different functional groups, synthesis of organic compounds using as a tool for understanding techniques like reflux, distillation, filtration, recrystallization and yield calculation, organic syntheses may include preparation of benzanilide from benzoyl chloride, succinic anhydride from succinic acid, phthalimide from phthalic anhydride, oximes and hydrazones from carbonyl compounds, and an ester from a carboxylic acid and alcohol etc.